Friday, March 15, 2019

"A Guitar That Can Part the Sea" - Prince's Moses References

Note: I do not think Prince is Moses.

I think most casual fans are aware that Prince referenced religion in his music. Those who were really into the Purple Rain era would know about the song "God," which is a recounting of the first chapter of Genesis in the Bible. If they stuck around for Lovesexy, they would have heard Prince proclaim Jesus as his God on "Anna Stesia."

Those who paid some attention in the '90s might have heard Prince reference the Biblical creation story again on "My Name is Prince," or praise Jesus once more on "Holy River."

But there are so many other Biblical references, both coded ("De-elevator," "Spooky Electric" even "love") and conspicuous. And Jesus isn't the only person getting shine. Prince also alludes to the prophet Moses quite a bit. With that said, I give you some of those occasions.

Charlton Heston in the The Ten Commandments. Photo: "Moses" by Superfloop, licensed under CC BY-NC-ND 4.0

"Thieves in the Temple" - Extended version (1990)

To make a point about an ex-lover, Prince sings, "You led me on, thinking you was Moses, herding sheep blindly through a fantasy.” 

Did Prince use these analogies because they were easily accessible, given his religious upbringing--or just given his life in a Christian-leaning Western country? Plenty of American writers employ Christian imagery regardless of their personal faith.

Something else to chew on: Is "Thieves in the Temple" even about a lover? Could his plea, "Love, come quick," be directed to God? These are ideas I discuss in my book. 

Side note: Prince is dancing his behind off in this video.

"Chelsea Rodgers" (2007)

The Planet Earth track is about a model whose soul and personality are as beautiful as her appearance. It is said to be inspired by a real-life woman, but I wonder if all the attributes in the song were real or projected on this goddess by Prince for purposes of the song. Whatever the case, Prince paints her as a spiritual guide, teaching him information about ancient civilization.

"Moses was a pharaoh in the 18th Dynasty," he sings.

So this is a bit of a trick. I originally thought research would lead me to Moses, but it appears Prince is referencing the Egyptian name Thutmose. Several pharaohs took the name during the 18th Dynasty, which lasted in Egypt from 1549/1550 to 1292 BC. Because the name is sometimes stylized as Thutmoses, Prince may have shortened the name.

Interestingly enough, some theorize that the Biblical Moses did cross paths with Thutmose III. They believe the Exodus--Moses and the Israelites' exit from Egypt--occurred in 1446 BC, which was during Thutmose III's reign.

Coincidentally, Akhenaten was also a pharaoh during the 18th Dynasty. According to Prince's ex-wife Mayte Garcia's book, he once believed he had a special, spiritual connection to the pharaoh.

Additionally, some scholars suggest Egyptian pharaoh Amenmesse (or Amenmose) is the "real," historical Moses, but he ruled during the 19th Dynasty. So who knows what Prince believed about that theory.

"Feel Better, Feel Good, Feel Wonderful" (2008)

This Lotusflow3r track allegedly addresses Prince's long-term battle with the music industry. With the bitter dispute with Warner Bros. over a decade behind him, he has a more amiable attitude toward record labels in the song. However, he can't resist reminding them of his musical prowess.

"I've got a guitar that can part the sea," he sings. He is comparing his instrument to the staff Moses used to part the Red Sea (with assistance from God) and lead the Israelites to safety.

As if that weren't boastful enough, Prince doubles down on the staff metaphor with the following lyric. "Don't mean no disrespect I ain't trying to brag/But that might be the same one that tapped on the crag/And brought forth water that quenched your thirst."

According to Numbers 20:7-11 in the Bible, Moses used his staff to bring water from rock so the Israelites could drink during their journey in the wilderness. In Prince's mind, the music brought forth from his guitar is comparable to that water.

Can we really argue? Exactly fifteen years ago today, he did this:

Am I missing any other Moses references?

Check out my discussion of "Feel Better, Feel Good, Feel Wonderful" on the Prince: Track by Track podcast here.

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Friday, March 8, 2019

"She Gave Me Seven" - Top Blog Posts

As this blog approaches its ninth birthday, I figured it's a good time to look back at my most popular posts of all time. I'm fortunate to have some new readers (I've been a lot more consistent), so I hope you'll find some content you haven't discovered yet.

7. "U Call 'Em Bodyguards But I Call 'Em My Friends" - Interview with Harlan Austin. I met Prince's former bodyguard, who was a Jehovah's Witness long before Prince, at the Prince from Minneapolis Symposium. He is one of multiple people who share the perspective that Prince struggled to reconcile his spiritual beliefs with his explicit music.

6. "Think About the Future!" - Upcoming Projects from Prince's ProtΓ©gΓ©s. Before Prince died, there were several non-music projects from protΓ©gΓ©s (think "Hollywood Exes"). In this post, I mention Shelia E.'s autobiography and a rumored reality show featuring Jill Jones.

5. "Interactive" - Prince Twitter Chat (2011). I still don't know how this blew up on my blog; I didn't even get many responses on Twitter. But it's cool to revisit. For a more robust conversation, check out my 2019 Twitter chat here.

4. “Gotta Tell the Truth Y'all” - Interview with Gayle Chapman. This is the interview that started it all! Way back in 2010, most folks still believed Chapman left Prince's band for religious reasons. But she told me that wasn't the case.

3. "Preach the Good News" - Extended Interview with Larry Graham. You can't do a book on Prince's spirituality and not interview the legendary bassist and spiritual adviser.

2. "Rave Un2 the Joy Fantastic" - Interview with Cheryl Sonny Thompson. I think this interview blew up because the production assistant is not part of the group of people who always get asked about Prince. She really opened my eyes to some possible changes in Prince's spiritual path around 2013.

1. "All Good Things, They Say, Never Last" - Interview with Jerome Benton. Prince's friend and former member of The Time and The Family called this interview "different" (which I took as a compliment) and kindly promoted it on social media. He was sweet and funny, and he called me "Miss Thompson." It was a pleasure.

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Friday, March 1, 2019

"Interactive" - Twitter Chat 2019

Eight years ago, I hosted a Twitter chat about Prince and spirituality. It went well enough. A couple questions went unanswered. And some responses on were not exactly positive.

Because I have more followers and a more active role in the Prince fan community (which has also grown), I decided to do the same Twitter chat again. I advertised in Facebook groups, on again (no shade this time) and on Twitter, of course.

Check out some select responses below. You can search the #PrinceSpiritual hashtag on Twitter to see them all.

1) What are your thoughts on Prince as a spiritual artist?

2) Thoughts on Prince's decision to eliminate "Darling Nikki," etc. and profanity
from shows?

3) Thinking about the Purple Rain Tour ... what is your opinion on the "conversation with God" segment?

4) Thoughts on The Rainbow Children album? Inspirational? Confusing?

5) Thoughts on the One Nite Alone Tour? Inspirational or too preachy?

6) Which Prince song has inspired you the most, and why?

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Friday, February 22, 2019

"Black is the New Black" - Interview with Adrian Crutchfield

"He found certain aspects of God in the [Jehovah's Witness] belief. He found certain aspects of God in music. He found certain aspects of God in women."

Photo courtesy of the artist

Prince's 2004 "Musicology" video works on multiple emotional levels. When you see the young boy purchase a 45 record and play along with the song in his bedroom, you imagine a young Prince doing the same thing in his Minneapolis home. You also think of future generations completing the same ritual with Prince's music (though they might be watching YouTube videos).

Saxophone player Adrian Crutchfield followed the pattern, though he was a teenager when the Musicology album was released.

"[He made me] see it as cool to wear a suit and tie," Crutchfield said. "The whole swagger of that record was on another level to me than everything else I'd heard at the time."

Less than a decade later in 2012, Crutchfield began working with Prince, eventually playing onstage, sweating out suits and wearing out the soles of his dress shoes.

"[We were] going to rehearsals for eight or more hours a day, and doing this in our full dress clothes," Crutchfield said. "Every night we'd leave rehearsal, and then the next day, before we went into rehearsal, we'd drop our stuff off at the cleaners. And by the time that stuff was clean, the rest of the stuff was worn out."

Though he was a demanding bandleader, Prince held himself to the same standards. "You've got to imagine all of the wear and tear he's done on his body over the years," Crutchfield said. "He would come in and do the stuff with us and have it down."

Crutchfield also recalled a time in rehearsal when Prince noticed Crutchfield was playing a B flat instead of a B.

"Now there are 11 horns on stage," Crutchfield said. "How did he know that one note was off? And how did he know it was me? He was in tune and he knew his stuff."

In Crutchfield's eyes, Prince was not only a musical mentor, but a spiritual role model. "He led by example, and he made you admire him so that you'd want to follow in his footsteps," he said.

Crutchfield gave his opinion on the different spiritual phases Prince passed through, the songs that seemed to have a spiritual vibe (Crutchfield played on Art Official Age and Hitnrun Phase Two) and the spiritual moments live onstage. (More on that in the book, of course.)

We spent a lot of time talking about Black is the New Black, the last studio album Prince recorded before the 2016 Piano & A Microphone Tour. Bassist MonoNeon and drummer Kirk Johnson were also part of the sessions.

"[Prince] was very excited and very motivated," Crutchfield said of the unreleased project, which he labeled jazz fusion. "I don't know what lit the fire, but he was on a path to be basically an activist."

Before Prince died, he supported myriad social causes, raising money for Black Lives Matter and collaborating with news commentator Van Jones on #YesWeCode to educate urban youth. And, according to Donatella Versace, Prince said he wanted to be "the face of Black Lives Matter."

Crutchfield said Black is the New Black is also a commentary on other communities adopting black American culture after viewing it as undesirable for so long.

"When we were listening back to the record, it was undeniable that this was going to be a very conscious thing, but also a very big shake to the industry because it wasn't pop," he said. "The first [person] that I thought would have eventually jumped on it was Kendrick [Lamar]. ... And I'm sure Kendrick probably heard some of it."

Now that the Prince Estate has rolled out a stream of reissues (A three-disc bundle, Ultimate Rave, is due out April 26), I do hope they'll get around to new material soon. Tidal is also set to put out a new and unreleased Prince album this year. Could it be Black is the New Black? 

If and when the album is released, I think it would definitely excite consumers.

"I just really want people to hear it," Crutchfield said.

But we can take solace in all of the released content people have yet to discover.

"There's gonna be some kid that's 6 or 7 years old ... and that person is going to carry on the spirit of Prince," Crutchfield said. "That's what makes Prince immortal, which is dope to me."

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Friday, February 15, 2019

"Don't U Wanna Know The Word?" - Four Spiritual Messages on 3121

Last week, the Prince Estate and Sony Legacy reissued three albums from the 2000s--Musicology, 3121 and Planet Earth on CD and (purple!) vinyl. Coincidentally, I've been talking a lot about 3121 lately, from interviewing folks from that era of Prince's career, to doing podcast episodes on tracks from the album.

I figured it's as good a time as any to dive into some of the spiritual messages on the project, released in 2006. By this time, Prince was a Jehovah's Witness, and his beliefs certainly influenced the lyrics. However, Prince's pattern of alluding to Biblical scripture on his albums dates back to his early career. For me, that's part of what makes his repertoire so fascinating to review.

In 2004, Prince told Entertainment Weekly that he didn't start reading the Bible until he became a Jehovah's Witness. That used to strike me as odd, but oftentimes when you grow up attending church (as Prince did), scripture has a way of staying with you even if you don't study as an adult. And so much of our American culture, literature, films and TV shows draw on Christian themes.

I often wonder if Prince included Christian imagery in some of his early work either unconsciously or strategically, understanding his listeners would more easily grasp his messages in a Christian framework. On the other hand, it may have been deliberate because he was personally dedicated to those Christian beliefs (I explore those questions in my book).

Despite the religious influence, most of Prince's music was able to captivate fans of all faiths because it also contained many universal messages. The 3121 album is no exception. Even though I've extracted four references to scripture on the project, there's a more general lesson to be gained from each example.

1) "For out of the abundance of the heart the mouth speaketh." - Matthew 12:34

In the song "Love," the scripture is part of the chorus. Prince and TΓ‘mar sing, "From the abundance of the heart the mouth speaks." In the Bible, Jesus is explaining that the words people speak are indicative of the good or evil in their hearts.

Prince references this idea in the song by exploring one's motives to manipulate or benefit by saying certain things. He also warns against reacting emotionally to gossip. Additionally, when he sings, "Love is free from all this" and "love can do anything," it brings to mind 1 Corinthians 13, aka as the "love chapter" in the Bible.

A Christian perspective might stress people watch their words because they will be judged by God. A universal perspective might stress people watch their words so they do not cause unnecessary harm to others.

2) "He that is begotten of God keepeth himself, and that wicked one toucheth him not." - 1 John 5:18

In the song "The Word," Prince warns of "the treachery of the wicked one." In the Bible, the "wicked one" or "evil one" is a reference to Satan. Prince communicates that the only way to be "saved" is to "know the Word," which could refer to the Bible or Jesus Christ, who is also called "the Word" in scripture.

A universal perspective might warn against falling into traps of temptation--or spiders spinning "sticky webs," as Prince sings--to do something harmful. "Get up, come on, let's do something" could be interpreted as being productive and proactive. After all, idle hands...

3) "We are the clay, and thou our potter; and we all are the work of thy hand." - Isaiah 64:8 

On "Beautiful, Loved and Blessed," Prince and TΓ‘mar proudly proclaim to be God's creations, and thus magnificent and worthy. For example, Prince sings, "I could truly say with all the fame and glory/I was just a piece of clay in need of the potter's hand."

Whether or not one acknowledges the existence of God, the song teaches a valuable lesson about self-esteem and positive affirmations.

4) "For then shall be great tribulation, such as was not since the beginning of the world." - Matthew 24:21

On "Get on the Boat," Prince sings about a "tribulation that will be great throughout the land." This is a reference to the Bible's description of the turmoil to come during the end of the world.

To prepare, Prince encourages people to "get on the boat" or, arguably, join the Jehovah's Witness faith so they may "live together underneath the sun" in paradise on Earth following Armageddon. The statement may also apply to the 144,000 selected to be resurrected to heaven.

Prince also sings, "When we love each other, that's the only way it's gonna be right." From a universal perspective, the song can be interpreted about being friendly with others and building community to better humanity.

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Friday, February 8, 2019

"My Name Will Be Victor" - Giveaway!

Congratulations to Debra O., winner of a free T-shirt! 

This contest is closed. 

Friday, February 1, 2019

"Get on the Boat" - Interview with Josh Dunham

"He just started saying, 'Let go and let God.'"

Photo courtesy of Josh Dunham
There is no question that 2004 was a landmark year for Prince. He was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, released a top ten "comeback" album and embarked on a massive, national tour.

But historians would be wise to also look at the significance of 2006 in Prince's career. His album 3121 became the first to reach number one since Batman in 1989. He launched a residency in Las Vegas, and penned a Golden Globe-winning song for the animated film Happy Feet.

And he still found time to make a movie. The 3121 film was never released, though select fans said they saw some of the footage when it was reconfigured for the 2009 album Lotusflow3r. Bassist Josh Dunham had a role in the film, though he wasn't expecting to be included.

He and his then-wife, drummer Cora C. Coleman, were playing with Prince at the time, and were surprised to find a camera crew in the studio one day.

"In the scene we were in, we were playing a song and he wasn't feeling the vibe," Dunham said. "He stormed out the studio. And I said something to Cora like, 'What's wrong with him?' And she was like, 'I don't know.'"

In the next scene, Prince called in two veteran NPG musicians, bassist Sonny T. and drummer Michael Bland, to play. But Dunham and Coleman weren't aware of that part until they viewed the film at a private showing.

"We were like, 'Aw, he made us look like we didn't know what we were doing,'" Dunham said, laughing.

Dunham played with Prince for several years, contributing to 3121, Planet Earth, Indigo Nights and Lotusflow3r. He also played bass for Prince's proteges Ashley TΓ‘mar Davis and Bria Valente.

"I know she was really nervous," Dunham said of Valente. "He was trying to get her out of her shell."

Being around Prince for quite some time, Dunham was exposed to the artist's spiritual side. We talked about Prince's invitations to Kingdom Hall (Dunham politely declined), and his practice of changing risque lyrics in live shows. I also asked Dunham if there was a spiritual moment onstage that stood out in his memory.

He immediately thought of a performance of "Come Together," which Prince performed regularly in 2006 and 2007, and occasionally in subsequent years.

"He just started saying, 'Let go and let God,'" Dunham said. "He just stayed there for a minute."

We also chatted about Larry Graham, who played the role of spiritual adviser in Prince's life, and how Prince's beliefs may or may not have shifted in later years (more in the book). And there were many funny stories, like the time Dunham and Coleman almost got their pay docked for an error onstage, or how they played Prince in a game of HORSE on their first visit to Paisley Park.

"I think Cora won," Dunham said.

Dunham also revisited his last phone call with Prince on the day before the superstar died. It's a sad moment, sure, but Dunham was able to hear his voice one last time and let him know he cared. In my opinion, that's something to cling to in the midst of the grief.

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